The modern Olympic Games or Olympics are leading international sporting events featuring summer and winter sports competitions in which thousands of athletes from around the world participate in a variety of competitions.

The Olympic Games are considered the world's foremost sports competition with more than 200 nations participating.

The Olympic Games are normally held every four years, alternating between the Summer and Winter Olympics every two years in the four-year period.

The Olympic Movement consists of international sports federations (IFs), National Olympic Committees (NOCs), and organising committees for each specific Olympic Games.

As the decision-making body, the IOC is responsible for choosing the  host city for each Games, and organises and funds the Games according to  the Olympic Charter.

The IOC also determines the Olympic programme, consisting of the sports to be contested at the Games.

There are several Olympic rituals and symbols, such as the Olympic flag and torch, as well as the opening and closing ceremonies. Over 14,000 athletes competed at the 2016 Summer Olympics and 2018 Winter Olympics combined, in 35 different sports and over 400 events.

The first, second, and third-place finishers in each event receive Olympic medals: gold, silver, and bronze, respectively.

The Games have grown so much that nearly every nation is now represented. This growth has created numerous challenges and controversies, including boycotts, doping, bribery, and a terrorist attack in 1972.

Every two years the Olympics and its media exposure provide athletes  with the chance to attain national and sometimes international fame. The  Games also provide an opportunity for the host city and country to  showcase themselves to the world.